Dark under-eye circles can be a real problem for some people. Most people believe that if they have them it’s because they’re overly tired and not getting enough sleep. But the truth is, even if you get enough sleep and aren’t stressed out, you can still get dark circles under your eyes. So how do you get rid of them? The first step is knowing how exactly they got there.
Cause: Thin Skin
The main reason dark circles appear under your eyes is because that thin layer of skin shows the blood vessels beneath your eyes. Thanks to genetics, some people have thinner skin than others, making them more prone to under-eye circles. Also, as you age, your skin becomes thinner and your skin loses elasticity, making dark circles more prominent.
One fix for this is to apply retinol to your skin. Retinol is an ingredient that increases collagen production on the skin. With more collagen the thin skin under your eyes will get stronger. Read the back of retinols creams before buying as many can take up to 12 weeks of application to notice a difference in your skin.
Cause: Fluid Buildup
Fluid buildup below the eyes causes puffiness and dark bags. If you have allergies or eat too much salt there is usually excessive fluid in your body. This extra fluid puts pressure on your skin and can push the blood vessels closer to the surface, making dark circles and bags more prominent.
Fix: Hydration and Swelling-Reduction
If your eyes are puffy and dark because of dehydration, the solution is simple–drink water! For illness and allergies, place a cold compress across your eyes. The cold will help reduce the appearance blood vessels under your eyes.
Cause: Lack of Sleep/The Way You Sleep
When you are tired but have to stay awake, your body produces the chemical cortisol to help you out. An effect of increased cortisol production is an increase in the amount of blood produced in your body. This excess blood can cause the blood vessels under your eyes and throughout your body to swell up to accommodate all the new blood: making them show as dark circles under your eyes. The way you sleep also has an effect: if you sleep on your stomach, fluid is more likely to collect under your eyes and contribute to puffiness.
Fix: Change the Way You Sleep
Getting more sleep is the only way to fix dark circles caused by consistent tiredness. But if you’re getting enough sleep and still have dark circles, try changing the way you sleep. Try to sleep on your back rather than your stomach or side, or sleep with more pillows to elevate your head so that the fluid won’t collect under your eyes.
Cause: Lack of Vitamins
Your nutrition plays a huge role in your skin’s health. Lack of vitamins such as iron, and vitamins A and B12 may be the cause for your dark circles.
Fix: Eat Right
Eat more leafy greens and other foods rich in these vitamins. It’s also good to reduce your intake of unnecessary salt, which will keep your skin from becoming puffy.
Bonus Natural Fixes
1. Cucumbers are natural healers that can help and heal the skin, which is why they are great to place over your eyes. Refrigerate them before use for an added cooling and swelling-reducing effect.
2. Green tea is filled with antioxidants that are beneficial to your skin. Steep two green tea bags in hot water and then place them in the freezer. Once they are nice and cold remove them and place them over your eyes.